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Friday, March 3, 2017

ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র-এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার বিশেষ প্রস্তুতি-১৭

এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার বিশেষ প্রস্তুতি-

ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র

Vocabulary test
Part-1,Set-17
প্রিয় শিক্ষার্থী, আজ ইংরেজি ১ম পত্রের Part-1 (নতুন সিলেবাস)-এর ১ নম্বর প্রশ্ন আলোচনা করব। প্রশ্নগুলো তোমরা আগে নিজে চেষ্টা করবে। তারপর উত্তরের সঙ্গে মিলিয়ে নেবে।
Set-17
Read the passage below and answer the questions following it:
Coleridge’s poem a ballad, narrate the harrowing sea-voyage of an old mariner who at one point of his journey did not have any water to drink because of a cursed. Cursed or not, we know how importeant drinking water is in our life.We

know we cannot survive without it. In fact two-thirds of our body is made up of water. Not for nothing is it said that the other name of water is life. Is there a crisis in our time with regard to access to clean drinking water? The United Nations in a meeting on the eve of the new millennium identified the drinking water problem as one of the challenges for the future. But do we need to worry about the problem as ours is a land of rivers and we have plenty of rainfall? Besides, we have a sea in our backyard too. One of the sources of water in our country is the rivers. Rivers are everywhere in our life, literature, economy and culture. But are the rivers in good shape? Unfortunately, they are not. A few are already dead and several are going through the pangs of death. The river Buriganga is an example of a dying river. A report published in the Daily Sun describes what has happened to the river Buriganga and why. It’s water is polluted and a perpetual stench fills the air around it. But that is not what it was like before.
The report says that the river had a glorious past. Once it was a tributary of the mighty Ganges and flowed into the Bay of Bengal through the river Dhaleshwari. Gradually, it lost its link with the Ganges and got the name Buriganga. The Mughals marveled at the tide level of the Buriganga and founded their capital Jahangirnagar on its banks in 1610. The river supplied drinking water and supported trade and commerce. Jahangirnager was renamed Dhaka which grew into a heavily populated city with a chronic shortage of space. The city paid back the bounty of the river by sucking life out of it! According to newspaper report, the Buriganga is dying because of pollution. Huge quantities of toxic chemicals and wastes from mills and factories, hospitals and clinics and household and other establishments are dumped into the river everyday. The city of Dhaka discharges about 4500 tons of solid waste everyday and most of it is directly released into the Buriganga. According to the Department of the Environment (DoE), 20,000 tons of tannery waste, including some highly toxic materials, are released into the river everyday. Experts identified nine industrial areas in and around the capital city as the primary sources of river pollution: Tongi, Tejgaon, Hazaribagh, Tarabo, Narayanganj, Savar, Gazipur, Dhaka, Export Processing Zone and Ghorashal.
The river would need a monster’s stomach to digest all the wastes mentioned above. There is a limit up to which it can put up with its cruel and thoughtless treatment. We the humans have successfully killed one of our rivers. There are other rivers in the country that are being subjected to similar thoughtless treatment. Unless we take care of our rivers there may come a time when we will cry ‘water’ and find it nowhere.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 5
a) What does the expression, ‘we cannot survive without water.’ mean?
i. Water is nothing ii. Water is everywhere
iii. Water is life iv. Water is unimportant
b) The word ballad mentioned in the passage means.
i. comedy ii. tragedy iii. melody iv. narrative song
c) How are rains in Bangladesh?
i. Rare ii. Sometimes iii. Plenty iv. Very rare
d) The word harrowing mentioned in the passage means.
i. soft ii. dangerous iii. mellifluous iv. melodious
e) What kind of river Buriganga is now?
i. Dying ii. Flowing iii. Having current iv. none of the above.
B. Answer the following questions. 10
a) Who wrote the poem, ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’? What is the poem about? b) Why is drinking water important in our life? Can you mention the other name of water? c) What is, according to the United Nations, one of the challenges for the future? Where was it identified? d) Do we need to worry about the problem as ours is a land of rivers and we have plenty of rainfall? Give reasons for your answer. e) ‘Rivers are everywhere in our life.’ Do you agree with the statement? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-17
1.A. Ans. (a) iii. Water is life (b) iv. narrative song (c) iii. Plenty (d) ii. dangerous (e) i. Dying.
1.B. Ans.
a) Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote the poem, ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’. The poem is about the miserable sea-voyage of an old mariner who at one point of his journey didn’t have any water to drink because of a curse.
b) Drinking water is important in our life because we cannot survive without it. More importantly, two-thirds of our body is made up of water. The other name of water is ‘life’.
c) According to the United Nations, one of the challenges for the future is the problem of drinking water. It was identified in a meeting of UN on the eve of the new millennium.
d) Yes, we need to worry about the problem in spite of ours is a land of rivers and we have plenty of rainfall. It is because we are polluting the water of our rivers in a number of ways.
e) Yes, I agree with the statement that ‘Rivers are everywhere in our life.’ They have a very distinct place in our literature and culture. We cannot imagine our economy without them.
ইকবাল খান, শিক্ষক, বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ মুন্সী আব্দুর রউফ পাবলিক কলেজ, ঢাকা

ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র-এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার বিশেষ প্রস্তুতি-0

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