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Thursday, March 2, 2017

ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র-এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার বিশেষ প্রস্তুতি-১২

এইচএসসি পরীক্ষার বিশেষ প্রস্তুতি-

ইংরেজি ১ম পত্র
Vocabulary test
Part-1,Set-12
প্রিয় শিক্ষার্থী, আজ ইংরেজি ১ম পত্রের Part-1 (নতুন সিলেবাস)-এর ১ নম্বর প্রশ্ন আলোচনা করব। প্রশ্নগুলো তোমরা আগে নিজে চেষ্টা করবে। তারপর উত্তরের সঙ্গে মিলিয়ে নেবে।

Set-12
1. Read the passage below and answer the questions following it.
Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing knowledge. Through them the people should offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the

rest of the world. But in the whole length and breadth of India there is not a single University established in the modern time where a foreign or an Indian student can properly be acquainted with the best products of the Indian mind. For that we have to cross the sea, and knock at the doors of France and Germany. Educational institutions in our country are India’s alms-bowl of knowledge; they lower our intellectual self-respect; they encourage us to make a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers…. Man’s intellect has a natural pride in its own aristocracy, which is the pride of its culture. Culture only acknowledges the excellence whose criticism is in its inner perfection, not in any external success. When this pride succumbs to some compulsion of necessity or lure of material advantage, it brings humiliation to the intellectual man. Modern India, through her very education, has been made to suffer this humiliation. Once she herself provided her children with a culture which was the product of her own ages of thought and creation. But it has been thrust aside, and we are made to tread the mill of passing examinations, not for learning anything, but for notifying that we are qualified for employments under organizations conducted in English. Our educated community is not a cultured community, but a community of qualified candidates. Meanwhile the proportion of possible employments to the number of claimants has gradually been growing narrower, and the consequent disaffection has been widespread. At last the very authorities who are responsible for this are blaming their victims. Such is the perversity of human nature. It bears its worst grudge against those it has injured.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 5
a) What does the word hospitality in the passage refer to?
i. parsimony ii. miserly
iii. niggardly iv. friendliness
b) How should be the universities according to Rabindranath Tagore?
i. It should be mechanical
ii. It should be for collecting education
iii. It should be for distributing education
iv. It should be for acquiring true knowledge
c) What does the word acquaint in the passage refer to?
i. inform ii. convey iii. familiarize iv. attach
d) Why do the Indians go the France and Germany?
i. They go there to get the best knowledge
ii. They go there for sightseeing
iii. They go there for learning their educational system
iv. They go there to live permanently
e) What does the word aristocracy in the passage refer to?
i. royalty ii. nobility iii. fashion iv. yield
B. Answer the following questions. 10
a) ‘Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing knowledge.’ Why? Explain with your opinion.
b) What, according to Rabindranath Tagore, should be the aim of our universities? Describe in your own words.
c) What is the shortcoming of the universities established in India in the modern time?
d) Why are the educational institutions in lour country termed as ‘India’s alms-bowl of knowledge?’
e) ‘They lower our intellectual self-respect.’ What does the statement refer to? Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. to the ques. no. Set-12
1.A. Ans. a) iv. friendliness
b) iv. It should be for acquiring true knowledge
c) iii. familiarize
d) i. They go there to get the best knowledge
e) ii. nobility.
1.B. Ans.
a) Universities should never be made into mechanical organization for collecting and distributing knowledge because this process does not develop creativity and does not reflect the intellectual richness of the land.
b) According to Rabindranath Tagore, the aim of our universities should enable people offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the rest of the world.
c) The shortcoming of the universities established in India in the modern time is that they do not allow a foreign or an India student to be properly acquainted with the best products of the Indian mind.
d) The educational institutions in our country are termed as ‘India’s alms-bowl of knowledge’ because they encourage us to make a foolish display of our learning not related to our country but borrowed form others.
e) The statement refers to the educational system of our universities. Yes, I agree with the statement because without reflecting the richness of its own people and land, a university is bound to lower the self-respect of the people.

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